Are equity projects or debt projects safer?

Son más seguros los proyectos de equity o los de deuda

Are equity projects or debt projects safer?

Investing in real estate offers the opportunity to participate in a variety of projects, each with its own set of benefits and risks. Two common approaches in this field are equity investment (ownership participation) and debt investment (loans). The question that arises is: which of these approaches is safer? Don’t worry, in this article, we’ll discuss the characteristics associated with each type of project.

Equity projects

Equity investment involves the participation of investors acquiring a share of ownership in a specific project. In this context, the term “equity” refers to the ownership stake and the benefits associated with the financial performance of that property.

In a real estate equity project, investors contribute capital to finance the development, acquisition, or improvement of a property. In return, they receive a proportional stake in the ownership and, therefore, in the associated benefits and risks. Below, we detail the key characteristics of equity real estate projects.


Equity real estate projects offer various benefits to investors who choose to participate in this type of investment. Here are some key benefits:

  1. Appreciation of value: Equity investors have the opportunity to directly benefit from the increase in the property’s value.
  2. Potential for significant returns: By participating in ownership, equity investors have the opportunity to achieve significant returns, especially if the property’s value increases over time. Benefits are not limited by fixed interest payments, as in the case of debt investments.
  3. Direct participation in profits: Investors directly share in the profits generated by the project. If the project is successful and generates additional income, investors benefit proportionally.


Although equity real estate projects offer attractive benefits to investors, they also involve certain risks that investors should consider before participating in such investments. Here are some of the risks associated with equity real estate projects:

  1. Real estate market volatility: Equity projects are directly exposed to fluctuations in the real estate market. Changes in market demand, economic conditions, and external factors can affect the property’s value and, consequently, the investment’s performance.
  2. Limited liquidity: Selling a stake in an equity project can be more complex and time-consuming. Limited liquidity can be a challenge in situations that require quick access to funds.
  3. Development risks: These projects face additional risks related to the planning, construction, and marketing of new properties.

Debt projects

Debt real estate projects involve investors providing funding to a real estate project through loans. In this context, investors act as lenders, and the project developer is the borrower. In exchange for funding, debt investors may receive regular interest payments or a lump sum at the agreed-upon loan term. Some key characteristics of debt real estate projects include:


Debt real estate projects offer several benefits to investors seeking a more conservative strategy and a stable source of income. Below, you can find key benefits and risks associated with investing in this type of project.

  1. Stable and predictable income: Debt investors receive regular interest payments during the loan’s duration, providing a stable and predictable source of income. This feature is especially attractive to those seeking constant cash flow.
  2. Less exposure to real estate market volatility: Returns for debt investors are more tied to interest payments than the changing value of the property. This reduces their exposure to fluctuations in the real estate market.
  3. Greater potential liquidity: Debt investment often offers greater liquidity compared to equity investment. Loans may have shorter terms, allowing investors to recover their capital in a shorter period.


Debt real estate projects offer significant benefits but also come with certain risks that investors should be aware of. Some associated risks include:

  1. Developer default risk: The ability of the developer, in this case, considered the borrower, to meet interest payments and repay the loan is crucial.
  2. Interest rate risk: If the loan has a long duration, there may come a time when its interest rates are lower than the cost of living or compared to other investment alternatives that could provide higher returns.
  3. Fixed return risk: Although interest payments are predictable, they can also be limited in terms of return compared to the profit potential for equity investors if the project performs exceptionally well.

Debt projects may offer greater income stability but with lower profit potential. Equity projects, on the other hand, provide the opportunity for higher returns but with greater exposure to market volatility. At Urbanitae, we believe that both equity and debt projects are very interesting alternatives for an investor’s portfolio. The choice between one project or another depends solely on the investor, based on their risk tolerance and financial objectives.

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